Pharmacy Career

Pharmacy is one of the fastest growing areas of healthcare and offers a wide range of career opportunities.

Pharmacists can dispense prescription medications to patients and offer expertise in the safe use of prescriptions. They also may provide advice on how to lead a healthy lifestyle, conduct health and wellness screenings, provide immunizations, and oversee the medications given to patients.


Job options

Jobs directly related to your degree include:
● Community pharmacist
● Hospital pharmacist
● Research scientist (life sciences)

Jobs where your degree would be useful include:
● Clinical research associate
● Higher education lecturer
● Pharmacologist
● Product/process development scientist
● Regulatory affairs officer
● Science writer
● Toxicologist


Duties
Pharmacists typically do the following:

● Fill prescriptions, verifying instructions from physicians on the proper amounts of medication to give to patients.

● Check whether the prescription will interact negatively with other drugs that a patient is taking or any medical conditions the patient has.

● Instruct patients on how and when to take a prescribed medicine and inform them about potential side effects they may experience from taking the medicine.

● Advise patients about general health topics, such as diet, exercise, and managing stress, and on other issues, such as what equipment or supplies would be best to treat a health problem.

● Give flu shots and, in most states, other vaccinations.

● Complete insurance forms and work with insurance companies to ensure that patients get the medicines they need.

● Oversee the work of pharmacy technicians and pharmacists in training (interns).

● Keep records and do other administrative tasks.

● Teach other healthcare practitioners about proper medication therapies for patients.

● Some pharmacists who own their pharmacy or manage a chain pharmacy spend time on business activities, such as inventory management. Pharmacists must also take continuing education courses throughout their career to keep up with the latest advances in pharmacological science.

● With most drugs, pharmacists use standard dosages from pharmaceutical companies. However, some pharmacists create customized medications by mixing ingredients themselves, a process known as compounding.


Types of pharmacists:

● Community pharmacists: work in retail stores such as chain drug stores or independently owned pharmacies. They dispense medications to patients and answer any questions that patients may have about prescriptions, over-the-counter medications, or any health concerns that the patient may have. They may also provide some primary care services such as giving flu shots.

● Clinical pharmacists: work in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare settings. They spend little time dispensing prescriptions. Instead, they are involved in direct patient care. Clinical pharmacists may go on rounds in a hospital with a physician or healthcare team. They recommend medications to give to patients and oversee the dosage and timing of the delivery of those medications. They may also conduct some medical tests and offer advice to patients. For example, pharmacists working in a diabetes clinic may counsel patients on how and when to take medications, suggest healthy food choices, and monitor patients’ blood sugar.

● Consultant pharmacists: advise healthcare facilities or insurance providers on patient medication use or improving pharmacy services. They also may give advice directly to patients, such as helping seniors manage their prescriptions.

● Pharmaceutical industry pharmacists: work in areas such as marketing, sales, or research and development. They may design or conduct clinical drug trials and help to develop new drugs. They also may help to establish safety regulations and ensure quality control for drugs.


Important Qualities

● Analytical skills: Pharmacists must provide safe medications efficiently. To do this, they must be able to evaluate a patient’s needs, evaluate the prescriber’s orders, and have extensive knowledge about the effects and appropriate circumstances for giving out a specific medication.

● Communication skills: Pharmacists frequently offer advice to patients. They might need to explain how to take a medicine, for example, and what its side effects are. They also need to offer clear direction to pharmacy technicians and interns.

● Computer skills: Pharmacists need computer skills to use any electronic health record (EHR) systems that their organization has adopted.

● Detail oriented: Pharmacists are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of the prescriptions they fill, because improper use of medication can pose serious health risks. Pharmacists must be able to find the information that they need to make decisions about what medications are appropriate for each patient.

● Managerial skills: Pharmacists—particularly those who run a retail pharmacy—must have good managerial skills, including managing inventory and overseeing a staff.


Further study
Pharmacy graduates who want a career in scientific research and development may choose to study for an MSc or PhD, in fields such as biomedical or chemical science. Graduates who decide that they want to pursue careers outside pharmacy may undertake a relevant postgraduate course to broaden their skills and increase their knowledge of other areas.


In Bangladesh has different industrial sectors. One of the fast growing sector and leading industry is now pharmaceutical sector. In 1982, Bangladesh government took revolutionized step by preparing National Drug policy, which help the local company to increase their growth. Bangladeshi pharmaceuticals industries are exporting medicines in 80 different countries.And the number is increasing day by day. Pharmaceutical industries are introducing sophisticated product like anticancer drugs, biotech product, insulin etc. There are many successful histories which made popular Pharmacy study in Bangladesh.


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