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Biotechnology in Medicines


Biotechnology is one of the fastest moving and most exciting areas of secience today and its applications are used in a variety of fields of science such as agriculture and medicine.

There are some applications of biotechnology which are live their part in the turf of medicine and giving good results:

  1. Biopharmaceuticals
  2. Gene therapy
  3. Pharmacogenomics
  4. Genetic testing

Tips for Pregnant Women



Diet Management


1. A half tablespoon of ground flaxseed sprinkled on cereal and salads can help control cholesterol, which can soar during pregnancy and breastfeeding, says Stacy Goldberg, R.N., a nutritional consultant in West Bloomfield, Mich. Credit its fiber, omega-3 fatty acids and phytochemicals called lignans.


2. An ounce of high-cocoa content (dark) chocolate several times a week may help prevent high blood pressure (a common problem during pregnancy), studies show.

Tips for Migraine Patients


Lifestyle habits can go a long way to help reduce the number and severity of migraines. A consistent sleep pattern and regular exercise and meals are important.


Here are some lifestyle changes that may help:

Sleep: Setting a consistent sleep schedule may help reduce migraines. Go to bed and get up about the same time every day, including weekends and holidays. Disruptions to your sleep schedule, getting too much or too little sleep, can trigger a headache.

Some Pharmaceutical Abbreviations



  • AAPS: American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
  • ACPS: Advisory Committee for Pharmaceutical Science 
  • BDNF: Bangladesh National Formulary 
  • BP: British Pharmacopoeia 
  • BNF: British National Formulary
  • BSTI: Bangladesh Standard Testing Institute
  • CCU: Critical Care Unit
  • COOP: Certificate of Pharmaceutical Product
  • COS: Certificate of Standard 

Vaginal Yeast Infection



Yeast is a fungus that normally lives in the vagina in small numbers. A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina . These infections are very common. Although they can bother you a lot, they are not usually serious. And treatment is simple.

Most yeast infections are caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans.

A healthy vagina has many bacteria and a small number of yeast cells. The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms-like the yeast-under control.

History of Pharmaceutical Industry in Bangladesh



Prior to the Liberation war of 1971 there was hardly any pharmaceutical company in Bangladesh, even after the liberation war the new government could not allot enough budget for health sector and the sector was prominently dominated by Multi-National Companies. The MNCs possessed more than 75% of market share and some 133 local companies controlled rest of the market share. The sector started to improve from the 80s and has grown in the last two decades at a considerable rate. The National Drug Policy (NDP) in 1982 and 2005 has prime influence in the prosperity and outgrowth of the Bangladesh pharmaceutical industry. After the annunciation of Drug Control Ordinance -1982, the sector started to expand vertically. As the local Pharmaceutical companies were the beneficiary of NDP, they started to expand their business. Meanwhile, the MNCs sold their business shares to local companies. According to the Directorate General of Drug Administration (DGDA), the market share of the locally produced drug was 175 crore in 1981 that increased to 325 crore by 1985.

Classification of Drugs


Drug: is any substance that acts on the living body to alter the physiological process and are used for prevention, diagnosis, control and treatmen of disease.

Medicine: is the formulated form of drug having definite dose, dosages form, leveling and packaging.

Official drug: any drug which is included in the current issue of a pharmacopoeia.

Career Pathway for Medical Students


Career pathways in medicine differ in detail, and will almost certainly be subject to change in the future.

Generally, you will spend 5 years at medical school (providing you progress satisfactorily) and then undertake a two year generic training programme – the Foundation Programme - which exposes you to a range of specialties and placements designed to meet the requirements of the nationally approved Foundation curriculum.

Surgical Career for Medical Students



The Royal College of Surgeons has published a new national undergraduate curriculum for medical schools to help ensure doctors qualify with the knowledge and skills to manage conditions where a patient may need surgery.

The National Undergraduate Curriculum in Surgery will be of interest to all medical students and those involved in their teaching. It provides guidance to create an evidence based, clinically relevant and contemporary curriculum.

The complementary syllabus clarifies the minimum standard expected of all students graduating with a medical degree including a Bachelor of Surgery (BS, ChB, BCh, BChir, etc.). Given the importance of surgical principles to all aspects of medicine, these learning objectives and topics are relevant to all students, irrespective of their subsequent career path.

Bangladesh Medical Association


Whereas the Bangladesh Medical Association drafted and adopted a new Constitution of its own in the General Meeting of the Association held on the January 14, 1973.

Whereas the "Bangladesh Medical Association " at its Annual General Meeting held on 9 th January. 1977 deemed it necessary to further amend the Constitution, and a Sub-Committee was accordingly formed by the General Assembly of the Association for the purpose. And whereas the Sub-Committee after due deliberations have drafted this revised constitution with the following amendments.

Now, therefore, the "Bangladesh Medical Association" at this Extra-ordinary General Meeting held on the 31 st March. 1997 at Dacca approved, enacts and gives to ourselves this Constitution to come into effect from this day of the 31 st March, 1979.

Code of Ethics for a Doctor


Duties of Doctors to the Sick

● A doctor must always bear in mind the obligation of preserving human life from conception. Therapeutic abortion may only be performed if the conscience of the doctors and the national laws permit.

● A doctor owes to his patient complete loyalty and all the resources of his science. Whenever an examination or treatment is beyond his capacity he should summon another doctor who has the necessary ability.

● A doctor shall preserve absolute secrecy on all he knows about his patient because of the confidence entrusted in him.

History of Medical Education in Bangladesh


Quality of medical education, performance of medical students and graduates and provision of effective health care are interrelated. We always concerned about physicians performance and the care they render to the people, but hardly we talk about the quality of medical education in the country and if talk so we do not really mean it. One of the main reasons is, medical education is always given low priority in the political agenda of the government. Notable exceptions are the establishment of Centre for Medical Education (CME) in the early 1980s and initiation of the Further Improvement of Medical Colleges (FIMC) Project in the early 1990s. Last decade can be considered as the “golden age” of medical education in Bangladesh. FIMC Project undertook a number of important reformsin the arena of medical education in Bangladesh in collaboration with international agencies- none of the South-East Asian countries have the chances to undergo such experiences. But it is unfortunate that we failed to consolidate and sustain the achievements of FIMC and other projects. At present, none of the projects’ activities are fully practiced, implemented or reviewed.

History of Pharmacy Education in Bangladesh



History of Pharmacy education in Bangladesh is more struggling than some other well established sector. Actually, Bangladesh was the part of Pakistan before liberation war. Pakistan of this time was West Pakistan and Bangladesh of this time was East Pakistan. Pakistan was formed in 1947 by the division of Indian subcontinent. There was no institution for Pharmacy study. Because of great opportunity in abroad and multinational Pharmaceutical industry creation leads Lahore University to open Pharmacy department in 1948.

Regular Discrimination to the East Pakistan in every aspect also affected pharmacy education. As a result East Pakistan student didn't have the chance to study pharmacy though they have enough merit.

Bangladesh Medical & Dental Council (BM&DC)


Bangladesh Medical Council was first formed under Bangladesh Medical Council Act. in 1973. Subsequently the Act. of 1973 was repealed in 1980. Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council Act. was passed by the Parliament on 09-04-1980 to provide for the constitution of Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council. This Council has its office only in Dhaka. The Council is headed by a President who is elected by the members of the Council from amongst themselves.

The Council is a supreme body and takes all policy decisions, it meets at least twice in a year or as and when there are sufficient items for the agenda, which needs policy decisions. It acts through various Committees and office of the Registrar. The meetings of the Council are presided over by the President and in his absence by the Vice President.

Abundance of Pharmacy Career



Pharmacy practice in a variety of areas including: Industrial Pharmacy, Community Pharmacy, Hospital Pharmacy, Clinical Pharmacy, Compounding Pharmacy, Consultant Pharmacy, Veterinary Pharmacy, Internet Pharmacy, Nuclear Pharmacy, Military Pharmacy and Pharmacy Informatics.


Now briefly discuss about other types:

Clinical Pharmacy: Pharmacists provide direct patient care services that optimize the use of medication and promote health, wellness and disease prevention.