Bdmedicines.com is a popular medicinal website in Bangladesh.

OTC Treatment for Pink Eye


Pink eye is one of the most common disorders of the eye. It is also known as conjunctivitis. It can be caused by an allergy, bacteria or a virus.

Signs of Infection :

  • Redness in the white of the eye.
  • Watery eyes.
  • Itchiness or a feeling of having sand in the eye.
  • A discharge that tends to be clear when caused by an allergy, or thick and yellow-white when caused by a bacteria.

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Study


Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: Pharmaceutical Biotechnology is a part of pharmacy that combines the biotechnology to produce new products which is therapeutically effectiveand use several methods such as gene therapy,vaccination etc. to treat several complicated diseases.

Biotech products for the management of diseases:
● Drug for Autoimmune diseases and Inflammation
● Blood and Lymphatic System products
● Anti-cancers drugs

Clinical Pharmacy Study


Clinical Pharmacy 

Clinical pharmacy is the branch of Pharmacy where pharmacists provide patient care that optimizes the use of medication and promotes health, wellness, and disease prevention.

Clinical Pharmacy includes all the services performed by pharmacists practising in hospitals, community pharmacies,nursing homes, home-based care services, clinics and any other setting where medicines are prescribed and used.

Hospital Pharmacy Study


Hospital pharmacy: Hospital pharmacy is the health care service, which comprises the art, practice, and profession of choosing, preparing, storing, compounding, and dispensing medicines and medical devices, advising healthcare professionals and patients on their safe, effective and efficient use.

Hospital pharmacies are pharmacies usually found within the premises of a hospital. Hospital pharmacies usually stock a larger range of medications, including more specialized and investigational medications.

Toxicology Study


Toxicology : Toxicology is the scientific study of adverse effects that occur in living organisms due to chemicals. It involves observing and reporting symptoms, mechanisms, detection and treatments of toxic substances, in particular relation to the poisoning of humans.

It includes environmental agents and chemical compounds found in nature, as well as pharmaceutical compounds that are synthesized for medical use by humans. These substances may produce toxic effects in living organisms including disturbance in growth patterns, discomfort, disease and death.

Pharmaceutical Technology Study


Pharmaceutical Technology : is the application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy, pharmacology, and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures and in the treatment of patients.

Medicinal Chemistry Study


Medicinal Chemistry : Medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry are disciplines at the intersection of chemistry, especially synthetic organic chemistry, and pharmacology and various other biological specialties, where they are involved with design, chemical synthesis and development for market of pharmaceutical agents, or bio-active molecules (drugs).

Pharmacology Study


Pharmacology : Pharmacology is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical and/or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism.

It discuss about how different chemicals affect biological systems, and incorporates knowledge and skills from a number of basic science disciplines including physiology, biochemistry, and cellular and molecular biology.

Pharmacognosy Study


Pharmacognosy: Pharmacognosy is the study of drugs of natural origin. The term “pharmacognosy” comes from two greek words “pharmakon” meaning drug and “gnosis” meaning knowledge.

The American society of Pharmacognosy defines pharmacognosy as ‘ the study of the physical, chemical, biochemical and biological properties of drugs,drug substances or potential drugs or drug substances of natural origin as well as the search for new drugs from natural sources.

It is also defined as:

Nipah Virus threat in Winter


Nipah virus infection is a newly emerging threat that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats. Outbreaks of Nipah have only been reported in Southeast Asia (i.e., Malaysia, Singapore, India, and Bangladesh).

Seasonal date palm juice is can be the great risk for bangladeshi people. The only reason is the most of the people of this country like to drink palm date juice in winter season. Bats are carrier of nipah virus. These animals contaminate the date palm juice with their saliva, urine etc. Severe respiratory disease, encephalitis , even death can result through this virus.

Threatness of Alcholism


Alcoholism: is known as alcohol dependence and alcohol use disorder. It occurs when you drink so much that your body eventually becomes dependent on or addicted to alcohol. When this happens, alcohol becomes the most important thing in your life.


People with alcohol use disorder may engage in the following behaviors:
  • drinking alone

Risks of Smoking


There are many ingredients in tobacco smoke that can harm a body. Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer. If you have asthma, tobacco smoke can trigger an attack or make an attack worse. Smokers are 12 to 13 times more likely to die from COPD than nonsmokers.

Central Nervous System:
One of the ingredients in tobacco is a mood-altering drug called nicotine. Nicotine reaches your brain in mere seconds. It’s a central nervous system stimulant, so it makes you feel more energized for a little while. As that effect subsides, you feel tired and crave more. Nicotine is habit forming.

Some Medicine Specialist



Primary care doctor

A primary care doctor has specialized education and training in general internal medicine, family practice, or another first-level-of-care area. Primary care doctors provide the following:

Routine healthcare (including annual physical exams and immunizations)

Treatment for acute medical conditions

Initial care for conditions that may become more serious or chronic

Some Abbreviations are Used in Pharmaceutical Field



  • APA: Aseptic Process Areas
  • APR: Anual Product Review
  • AQL: Acceptable Quality Level
  • BLA: Biological License Application
  • BMR: Batch Manufacturing Record
  • CRM: Customer Relationship Management
  • DPI: Dry Powder Inhaler
  • DTL: Drug Testing Laboratory

Adverse effects of Birth Control Pill


Birth control pill (also called oral contraceptive) ais a type of female hormonal birth control method and are very effective for preventing pregnancy.

There are some side effects of birth control pills, although the majority are not serious. Side effects include:
  • Nausea
  • Weight gain
  • Sore or swollen breasts
  • Small amounts of blood, or spotting, between periods
  • Lighter periods
  • Mood changes

Tips for Nausea and Vomiting



Vomiting

  • Drinking gradually larger amounts of clear liquids.
  • Avoiding solid food until the vomiting episode has passed.
  • If vomiting and diarrhea last more than 24 hours, an oral rehydrating solution such as Pedialyte should be used to prevent and treat dehydration.
  •  Pregnant women experiencing morning sickness can eat some crackers before getting out of bed or eat a high protein snack before going to bed (lean meat or cheese).

OTC Treatment for Nausea



Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often comes before vomiting.

Nausea has several different causes including motion sickness, morning sickness, drug reactions, stomach virus and indigestion. Mild nausea that's caused by stomach virus or indigestion is easy to treat with an over-the-counter medicine such as Emetrol and Pepto-Bismol.

Emetrol is a high-sugar-based product that works by relaxing the muscles in the stomach and calming stomach activity. Pepto-Bismol is a bismuth salt that acts by coating the inside of the stomach to relieve the feeling of nausea.

5 High-Paying Countries for Pharmacists



1. United States
Pharmacist average salary: $107,000 to $118,000

While PayScale estimates the average salary for pharmacists at around $107,000, US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data from May 2014 pegs it even higher at $118,470.
In contrast, the annual mean wage for all occupations in the United States is $47,230, according to BLS.

PayScale reports that US pharmacist salaries are most affected by geographic location, followed by specific kind of employer and years of experience.

Other Medical Fields


Here is the list of careers in medical field with Physicians and Pharmacists:

Dental Surgeon:
Dental surgery is among many medical measures that entail synthetically adjusting dentition, or basically surgery of the teeth as well as jaw bones. A person wishing a career in dentistryought to complete the B.D.S(Bachelor of Dental Surgery) course which has duration of 4 years plus internship of 1 year. Applicants for this course ought to have cleared the 2 years Intermediate / corresponding course having Chemistry, Physics, and Biology among their subjects.

Optometrists:
They are healthcare experts providing most important vision care that includes vision checking and rectification. They might in addition make out eye illnesses and pass on to ophthalmologists for cure. A person choosing a career in medical fieldas anOptometrist ought to complete degree/ diploma courses in ophthalmic know-how. An applicant for this course ought to have passed 10+2 / equivalent exam having at least 50% marks in chemistry, physics, and biology.