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Capsicum : A Natural Source of Medicines


Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years. In modern times, it is cultivated worldwide, and has become a key element in many cuisines. In addition to use as spices and food vegetables, Capsicum species have also found use in medicines.

Capsicum is used for various problems with digestion including upset stomach, intestinal gas, stomach pain, diarrhea, and cramps. It is also used for conditions of the heart and blood vessels including poor circulation, excessive blood clotting, high cholesterol, and preventing heart disease.

Other uses include relief of toothache, seasickness, alcoholism, malaria, and fever. It is also used to help people who have difficulty swallowing.

Effective Tips to Reduce Obesity


It is a well-known fact that obesity is one of the leading health concerns in today’s world, being responsible for more than 325,000 deaths in the United States alone. People who are obese, i.e., those who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) reading of more than 30 are at a very high risk of suffering from various diseases, which include diabetes, heart problems, strokes, high blood pressure and many more. So they need to know about how to reduce obesity. For this reason here we have given some effective tips to reduce obesity -

Change Your Eating Habits
If you find that you’re overweight or obese, you should change your eating habits by following the weight loss tips from experts. Eat more lean meats, fresh, leafy vegetables, and reduce the portions. Cut out excess sugars, salts, and fats.

A Market Analysis for Anti-diabetic Products


Diabetes is a chronic disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. The World Diabetes Foundation estimates that there will be 438 million people with diabetes by the year 2030. Oral anti-diabetics were the leading category of drugs in 2014 and showed a growth rate of 6.3% from the total global sales. The total sales for insulin products increased significantly as well.

Anti-diabetic products include glucose meters, lancets, test strips, continuous blood glucose meters, insulin, insulin pumps, syringes and other insulin delivery devices and anti-diabetic drugs. The bulk of product revenues come from three segments - test strips, insulin and anti-diabetic drugs - which will remain the largest sources of product revenues over the next ten years. The most significant growth, however, will come from the nascent segment of continuous blood glucose monitors, which provide significantly added clinical benefit at only a modestly higher cost compared to standard blood glucose meters.

Blood group matching is an essential part of marriage


Blood group matching before marriage is very important . This is to prevent Rh incompatibility. Rh incompatibility can lead to erythroblastosis fetalis (Hemolytic disease of the newborn). Fetal RBC get destroyed & newborn may get Severe anaemia, jaundice.

In very severe form, fetus may die due to heart failure. This is mediated by antigen-antibodies reaction. Where maternal antibodies transfer across the placenta.

This happanes when Rh(+ve) man marries Rh(-ve) lady. So Rh(+ve) man should try to avoid marrying Rh(-ve) lady.

Garlic : A natural Medicine


Common Name: garlic
Local Name: Rosun
Latin Name: Allium sativum

Introduction

Garlic is the edible bulb from a plant in the lily family. It has been used as both a medicine and a spice for thousands of years. Garlic’s most common folk or traditional uses as a dietary supplement are for high cholesterol, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Other folk or traditional uses include prevention of certain types of cancer, including stomach and colon cancers. Garlic cloves can be eaten raw or cooked. They may also be dried or powdered and used in tablets and capsules. Raw garlic cloves can be used to make oils and liquid extracts. It's more available in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Epilepsy & Social Misconception in Bangladesh


On striding in the roadside of Bangladesh sometimes we see the epilepsy patient. Some of us believe that is a disease caused by evil power and also thinks that there is no treatment for this kind of disease. They also believe that the diseased person can’t go school for study and even will unable to do marry. Some people think it’s a natural curse. The family becomes so much tensed when their family member has epilepsy patient.

Epilepsy is a Greek word which means ape the sickness. It’s a genetically transmitted disease. Ones get victim of epilepsy due to heredity. Scientist suggests that nine genes are responsible for epilepsy. Some scientist believes that it’s a neurological disease. Male and female both can be affected by this. It’s not a contagious disease. It can be cured if treatment is taken properly.

History of Antibiotics


An antibiotic is a chemical substance produced by one organism that is destructive to another. The word antibiotic came from the word antibiosis a term coined in 1889 by Louis Pasteur's pupil Paul Vuillemin which means a process by which life could be used to destroy life.

In 1928, Alexander Fleming identified penicillin, the first chemical compound with antibiotic properties. Fleming was working on a culture of disease-causing bacteria when he noticed the spores of little green mold in one of his culture plates. He observed that the presence of the mold killed or prevented the growth of the bacteria.

A Market analysis for Oncology products


In 2014-15 year global market for cancer drugs has hit $100 billion in annual sales, and could reach $147 billion by 2018, according to a new report by the IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics, a unit of drug data provider IMS Health.

On the development front, the threshold for determining whether an oncology product has a clinically meaningful effect is being raised, ultimately impacting likelihood of approval. In addition to the previously widely accepted endpoints like response rate or progression-free survival, regulatory agencies increasingly require more robust endpoints, such as overall survival.

5 year Pharmacy course in Bangladesh


Pharmacy is a branch of health science and the pharmacists are the people who are involved in the invention of new drugs, development of the existing one, serve the community with latest information regarding drug and also take part in planning and monitoring the treatment programme along with physician.

As a profession it was recognized in Bangladesh after the promulgation of Bangladesh Pharmacy Ordinance-1976. Although, the pharmacy education started its journey by the hand of the Department of Pharmacy, Dhaka University in 1964. Still now (2015) almost twelve government universities and twenty eight private universities offer Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honors) degree. Among these universities some are offers five year Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honors) professional degree but other remaining universities offers four year bachelor degree.

Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Engineering Study


Biomedical engineering aims to improve healthcare through monitoring, diagnosing, and providing therapy for health problems. An education in biomedical engineering is an interdisciplinary one; students learn how to bridge the divide between medicine and engineering. Specializations of biomedicine include biomechanics, medical imaging, biomaterials, and clinical engineering.

Pharmaceutical engineering is subject to various regulations in different countries, and pharmaceutical engineers must ensure they maintain personal and environmental safety at all times. There is a high demand for pharmaceuticals, and therefore, for the engineers who produce them. Graduates with pharmaceutical engineering degrees may work in manufacturing, design, sales, labeling, packaging, or the research of new drugs. They may also work to develop new formulations and drug delivery systems.

Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh


Medicinal plants have been used throughout human history. These Plants have the ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to perform important biological functions, and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals.

WHO consultative body of medicinal plants has formulated a definition of medicinal plants in the following way “A medicinal plant is any plant which in one or more of its organs, contains substances that can be used for therapeutic purposes or which is a precursor for synthesis of useful drugs” (Sofowora,1982).

Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Industry Analysis



In Bangladesh Pharmaceutical sector is one of the most developed hi tech sector which is contributing in the country's economy. After the promulgation of Drug Control Ordinance - 1982, the development of this sector was accelerated. The professional knowledge, thoughts and innovative ideas of the pharmacists working in this sector are the key factors for this developments. Due to recent development of this sector we are exporting medicines to global market including European market. This sector is also providing 95% of the total medicine requirement of the local market. Leading Pharmaceutical Companies are expanding their business with the aim to expand export market. Recently few new industries have been established with hi tech equipments and professionals which will enhance the strength of this sector.