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Biotech Products in Bangladesh Pharma sector


Biotechnology is used in various fields including agriculture, food science, and pharmaceuticals. Pharmaceutical companies use biotechnology for manufacturing drugs, pharmacogenomics, gene therapy, and genetic testing. Biotech companies make biotechnology products (more specifically said biotech pharmaceutical products) by manipulating and modifying organisms, usually at molecular level. Today most big pharmaceutical companies are pursuing biotechnology either in house or by using an in-licensing strategy.

The common pharmaceutical biotechnology products that are made by the biotech pharmaceutical companies include, Antibodies, Proteins, and Recombinant DNA Products.

Pharmaceutical biotechnology’s greatest potential lies in gene therapy. Gene therapy is the insertion of genetic material into cells to prevent, control, or cure disease, especially genetic disorders. It encompasses repairing or replacing defective genes and making tumors more susceptible to other kinds of treatment. Thus, gene therapy’s potential for preventing and curing disease is vast. It has proved somewhat useful in the treatment of certain rare genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and familial hypercholesterolemia.

The biopharmaceutical industry produces medical drugs derived from life forms (biologics). A potentially controversial method of producing biopharmaceuticals involves transgenic organisms, particularly plants and animals that have been genetically modified to produce drugs. The biopharmaceutical industry relies heavily on research performed by small companies and academic institutions that is either acquired by large companies that can bring the products to commercialization, or independently financed.


Cancer research currently focuses on biochemical pathways and the ways in which they control cell division and programmed cell death, otherwise known as apoptosis. Fresh molecules and pathways for cell regulation and cell growth identified by those efforts provide potential new targets for therapeutic intervention against the devastating disease.


Adjuvants may be added to vaccine to modify the immune response by boosting it such as to give a higher amount of antibodies and a longer-lasting protection, thus minimizing the amount of injected foreign material. Adjuvants may also be used to enhance the efficacy of a vaccine by helping to modify the immune response to particular types of immune system cells; for example, by activating the T cells instead of antibody-secreting B cells depending on the purpose of the vaccine. Adjuvants are also used in the production of antibodies from immunized animals.


Some of the Organizations that work on biotech R&D:

  • Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute (BLRI)
  • Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU)
  • National Institute of Biotechnology (NIB)

Available Biopharmaceutical Products in Bangladesh

  • Recombinant human Insulin
  • Recombinant human Erythropoietin
  • PEG-Interferon alpha
  • Low molecular weight heparin (Enoxaparin)
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator (Alteplase, Reteplase)
  • Follicle stimulating hormone products
  • Streptokinase Anticancer drugs
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Vaccines (Typhoid, Rabies vaccine, Tetanus etc.)

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