Posts

Showing posts from October, 2016

OTC Treatment for Acne

Acne is common and is easily treatable. You may need treatment for several weeks to clear spots. Inflamed acne needs to be treated early to prevent scarring. Once the spots are gone, you may need maintenance treatment for several months to keep the spots away.
Many over-the-counter (OTC) acne products are available to treat mild to moderate acne or periodic breakouts. They include cleansing lotions, gels, foams and towelettes, leave-on products, and treatments or kits.

UV spectroscopy Principle, Instrumentation, Mechanism of Action and Application

Image
Spectroscopy: An instrumental analytical process for determining the concentration and structure of a substance by measuring the intensity of electromagnetic radiation it absorbs at various wavelengths.
UV and visible spectroscopy: A type of absorption spectroscopy that uses the UV and visible part of the electromagnetic radiation.
Electromagnetic radiation: Electromagnetic radiation takes the form of self-propagating waves in a vacuum or in matter. EM radiation has an electric and magnetic field component which oscillate in phase perpendicular to each other and to the direction of energy propagation.

Current Challenges for Pharmaceutical Industries in Bangladesh

The pharmaceutical industry is one of the most technologically advanced sectors currently in existence in Bangladesh. The skills and knowledge of the professionals and innovative ideas of the people involved in this industry are the key factors for these developments. Comparing with other sectors it is the most technologically advanced sector of Bangladesh. The pharmaceuticals industries have grown and developed notably in the last two decades. During these decades pharmaceutical sector achieved a lofty position in international and local market. Pharmaceutical companies fulfill more than 97% of regional demand of medicines and about 30 companies export a significant quantity of medicines to 107 countries, including USA, UK, Germeny, France, Italy, Canada, Netherlands and Denmark. International regulatory authorities like US-FDA, UK-MHRA, Australia-TGA, EU have already certified some pharmaceutical companies and soon some others are going to be certified and approved.

Tablet in Capsule : A Novel Drug Delivery System

The aim of the Novel Drug Delivery System is to provide a therapeutic amount of drug to the appropriate site in the body to accomplish promptly and then maintain the desired drug concentration.

The ability to act on the human body also depends on the pharmacokinetics(movement of the drug) of the drug. Hence, a drug that's better absorbed would work better and be more efficacious. Now the absorption of drugs depends on their chemical state as well as their route of administration.

Common Diseases in Bangladesh

The following is a list of the most common diseases throughout the Bangladesh today. Accurate caseload numbers are difficult to determine, especially because so many of these diseases are endemic to the country, where many people do not have access to modern medical care.
Bangladesh, a developing country in South Asia, is going through an epidemiological transition, where the mortality pattern from communicable diseases (CDs) to chronic diseases.

Rheology in Pharmaceutical Industry

Rheology (came from two greek words rheo means "flow" and logia means "study of") is the study of the flow of matter, primarily in a liquid state, but also as 'soft solids' or solids under conditions in which they respond with plastic flow rather than deforming elastically in response to an applied force.

All normal or Newtonian fluids (air, water, oil, honey) follow the same scientific laws. On the other hand, there are also fluids that do not follow the Newtonian laws of flow. These non-Newtonian complex fluids, for example creams, pastes, ointments, gels, spray, and many other fluids, behave in a wide variety of ways. The science of studying these types of unusual materials in pharmaceutical industry is called pharmaceutical rheology. Rheological properties are studied with rheometry.

Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants in Bangladesh

The countryside people of Bangladesh has traditionally depended on medicinal plants for cure of their ailments. Where medicinal plants as their primary source of medicinal formulations. Rural patients are more dependent on traditional medicinal healers for cure of jaundice, dysentery, diarrhea, acne, skin problems, abdominal pain, urinary tract infections (UTI), inflammation and sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Since the traditional healer usually more available in the same village or in an adjoining area, the patient is more comfortable in seeking their treatment. We conducted an ethnopharmacologocial survey amongst the patient and traditional healers of various ethnic groups and in several regions of the country to obtain information on medicinal plants used to treat different type of common diseases in Bangladesh.

Antibiotic Awareness Week in Bangladesh

World Antibiotic Awareness Week began Nov 16, 2015 as part of a global campaign against abuse of antibiotics.
According to World Health Organisation (WHO) antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health as it is compromising our ability to treat infections diseases.
With the main theme "Antibiotic: Handle with care", the week ended on Nov 22, 2015.

Bangladesh Annual Pharma Market 2015-2016

Bangladesh pharmaceutical industry is mainly dominated by domestic manufacturers. Before 1982 there were about 10 multinational companies availing about 80% of the domestic market. The situation is reverse now. Of the total pharmaceutical market of Bangladesh, the local companies are enjoying a market share reaching around 80%, while the multinational companies are having a market share of around 20%. According to IMS Health, annual pharmaceutical sales in the local market may reach BDT 160 billion within 2018. The top pharmaceutical manufacturers in Bangladesh are- Square, Incepta, Beximco, Opsonin, Eskayef, Renata, Aristopharma, ACI, ACME,  Healthcare, Drug International Ltd. etc.