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Bacteriostatic vs. Bactericidal


Bacteriostatic:

Drugs that arrest the growth and replication of bacteria and limits the spread of infection are known as bacteriostatic.

Bacteriostatic antibiotics hamper the growth of bacteria by interfering with bacterial:
  • Protein production
  • DNA replication
  • Cellular metabolism

Genetic Basis of Carcinogenesis


Cancer is a disease of uncontrolled growth and proliferation whereby cells have escaped the body’s normal growth control mechanisms and have gained the ability to divide indefinitely. It is a multi-step process that requires the accumulation of many genetic changes over time. These genetic alterations involve activation of proto-oncogenes to oncogenes, deregulation of tumour suppressor genes and DNA repair genes and ‘immortalisation’ of cell.The process cancer arise is called oncogenesis/carcinogenesis. The sub-field of genomics that characterizes cancer associated genes is called oncogenomics.

Genetic mutations and cancer

Mutations happen often, and the human body is normally able to correct most of them. Depending on where in the gene the change occurs, a mutation may be beneficial, harmful, or make no difference at all. So, one mutation alone is unlikely to lead to cancer. Usually, it takes multiple mutations over a lifetime to cause cancer. This is why cancer occurs more often in older people who have had more opportunities for mutations to build up.

Psoriasis in Bangladesh


Psoriasis is one of the most baffling and persistent of skin disorders. It's characterized by skin cells that multiply up to 10 times faster than normal. It's a genetically programmed inflammatory disease that affects primarily the skin in about 3% of individuals. Psoriasis begins as a small scaling papule. When multiple papules coalesce, they form scaling plaques.

In Bangladesh, this disease frequently observed in patients and who suffer from psoriasis know that this uncomfortable and at times disfiguring skin disease can be difficult and frustrating to treat. The condition comes and goes in cycles of remissions and flare-ups over a lifetime. While there are medications and other therapies that can help to clear up the patches of red, scaly, thickened skin that are the hallmark of psoriasis, there is no cure.

Abortion and Sexual Dysfunction


Although induced abortion is touted as a form of sexual freedom and liberation, its effects often lead to various forms of sexual dysfunction and impairment of different organs.

Thirty to fifty percent of the women who experience difficulty adjusting to a past abortion report experiencing sexual dysfunctions, of both short and long duration, beginning immediately after their abortions. These problems may include one or more of the following: loss of pleasure from intercourse, increased pain, an aversion to sex and/or males in general, or the development of a promiscuous life-style.

Foreign Medicine in Bangladesh


Foreign medicine means the medicine is not manufactured in the country, but it is available in market. Such type of medicines are supplied by different organization.

In Bangladesh, different suppliers are available to supply these medicines. For example- some medicine manufactured by Johnson and Johnson, Merck, Teva and so on companies are available in Bangladesh.