Family: Amaranthaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Chanchi, Haicha, Sachishak.

Tribal Name: Kekrak shak (Chakma); Segrabaong (Marma).

Description of the Plant:
Perennial much branched, prostrate or ascending herb. Leaves opposite, 2.5-7.6 cm long, somewhat fleshy, linear-oblong or lanceolate. Flowers white in small axillary sessile heads.

Using Information:
Plant is galactagogue, cholagogue and febrifuge; Decoction with little salt is drunk to check blood vomiting. Plant is used for hazy vision, night blindness, malaria, post natal complaints, prolapsus ani, fistulas ani, diarrhoea, dysentery and puerperal fever. In Khagrachari the plant is used to treat intestinal ulcer by the tribal.

Herb extract exhibited antiulcer properties in adrenalectomized rats (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Herb contains hydrocarbons, ester, and sterols, such as stigmasterol, campesterol, ß-sitosterol, a- & ß-spinasterol, a-stigmasteanol and palmitates of sterol; it also contains 24-methylenecycloartanol and cycloeucalenol. Saponins have been isolated from the leaves. Roots contain lupeol. Young shoots contain protein and iron (Ghani, 2003). It also contains 5-a -stigmasta-7-enol (Asolkar et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

All over Bangladesh in moist areas.

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